Monday, May 25, 2020

Essay on Teen Pregnancy More Education is Needed

Teenage pregnancy is a rising factor throughout the world that’s caused by many unfortunate actions. Teenagers feel the need to engage in sexual activities due to peer pressure, violence and statutory rape. In some cases teens end up birthing their babies and in other cases they abort them. To help teens understand the consequences and reality of teen pregnancy, abstinence education and sex education can be introduced to steer teens in a better direction and help them to decide the appropriate outcome for their babies. Multiple teens are conceiving a day resulting in just as many births a day. This problem exists due to sexually active teens. Each year, some 2,600,000 teenagers become sexually active-a rate of 7,000 per†¦show more content†¦The state is usually responsible for paying for the prenatal care of the teenage mother which is a reason why many states are losing money. Money loss is not the only factor that is affecting our society. The emotional well- being of pregnant teens also takes a toll on our society. â€Å"Depression in adolescent mothers is linked to an increased risk of rapid subsequent pregnancy, and these findings should come as no surprise† says Diana Mahoney, a news reporter for Clinical Psychiatry News. Teens feel stressed and irresponsible which causes most teens to go into a depressive state. Another contributing factor to the depression in teens is the choice of having their child or having an abortion. To most teens, choosing abortion over birth is an easy way out of turning into a soon to be parent. At least 100 teenagers a month are having an abortion for the second time ( Teens Are Using Abortions as Contraception 1). Little do they know, that they are immensely effecting their health by using abortion as a kind of contraception. According to journalist Beverly Kemp of News of the World, she writes: What is especially disturbing about this development is the fact that these pregnant teens are repeatedly getting pregnant and repeatedly receiving abortions as a form of birth control. Just having one abortion can lower a teen’s chances of being able to conceive when she isShow MoreRelatedEssay on Teenage Pregnancy and Prevention1320 Words   |  6 Pagescare and support teenage births. Although teen pregnancy has declined in the past, the United States is still number one out of all industrialized countries of teen pregnancies. Therefore, implementing an in depth sex education class covering parenting in schools will allow teens to fully understand he consequences of having protected or unprotected sex. All children deserve love and care from their parents. The United States has a higher rate of teen pregnancy than other countries because one is notRead MoreThe Importance of Comprehensive Sex Education to Decrease Teen Pregnancies894 Words   |  4 Pagesgirls are facing lots of problems. New problems are rising such as an increased pregnancy rate among teenagers. Our teenage girls are less developed and unprepared for the problems which come along with their decision to have sex. It is also too early for teenage girls to become pregnant. Many teens think having a baby is some sort of joke. They believe it will never happen to them but the reality is that every time teens have sex, there is a possibility that the sperm will find its way to the eggRead MoreTeen Pregnancy : Education Is A Virtue851 Words   |  4 PagesTeen Pregnancy: Education Is A Virtue Dating back many centuries, teen pregnancy was the cultural norm where women as young as twelve are married off to men to conceive their children. Back then, it was acceptable for young women to bare a child once first menarche and have as many children as her body could bare. In today’s society, teen pregnancy is looked down upon, yet sexual appealing imagery is solicited throughout social media, television networks, magazines, and music. So how is it thatRead MoreTeen Pregnancy Essay1667 Words   |  7 PagesTeenage pregnancy has long been acknowledged as an important health, social and economic problem in the United States, one that creates hardships for women and families and threatens the health and well-being of women and their infants. Unintended pregnancies span across age, race and religion, with a specific negative impact among the teenage population. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC, 2016) In 2015, a total of 229,715 babies were born to women age d 15–19 years, for a birth rateRead MoreTaking a Look at Teenage Pregnancy961 Words   |  4 PagesTeenage pregnancy falls under a vulnerable population because it differs from the majority of the population that is generally worked with in the medical-surgery unit. Pregnant teens are cared for in the obstetrics unit but even in that unit they are still considered the vulnerable population because there are many health issues that occur more often in mothers of young age. People who get pregnant at a young age are at risk for health conditions such as placenta previa, pregnancy-induced hypertensionRead MoreLiterature Review On Teen Pregnancy1254 Words   |  6 PagesTeenage Pregnancy Introduction Teenage pregnancy in the U.S is a major issue given the number of teens between age 15 and 19 years giving birth. The average teen pregnancy rate in America is about 57 per 1000 teens in 2010 (Knox 1). This has decreased to about 47 per 1000 teens, but at the state level, some states such as Texas have higher averages. Currently, the state of Texas recorded a rate of 73 teenage pregnancies per 1000 females aged between 15 and 19 years (Sayegh et al. 95). The main causeRead MoreHigh Teen Pregnancy Rate: Comprehensive Sex Education at Fault?1377 Words   |  6 Pageswho become pregnant each year in the United States. According to The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 34% percent of young women become pregnant at least once before they reach the age of 20. Eight in ten of these teen pregnancies are unintended and 79% are to unmarried teens. There are many preliminary causes for such a high In Kizzy’s case, the blame is put on the lack of sexual education within her school. She claims that because she did not received adequate information on this subjectRead MoreSolving Teenage Pregnancy Is Help Find Shelters907 Words   |  4 PagesOne solution to help solve teenage pregnancy is help find shelters which provide education for those who are in low-income environments or are in the foster care system which would reduce the rate of teens under the age of 19 from becoming pregnant. These shelters could provide help in finding work to help cover the cost of medical needs and other expenses. The shelters could find doctors who are willing to work with teenagers with lower-incomes or provide lower cost for treatment for teenagers inRead MoreIs Sexual Education A Good Or Bad Idea?929 Words   |  4 PagesA teen girl walks from her bathroom with a gloomy look in her eyes. Her pregnancy test is positive. In today’s society sexual education is being taught less and teens are learning more about sexual intercourse from television instead of learni ng it from their parents and their schools. To prevent teen pregnancy parents should promote sexual education, contraception, and rely less on television teaching sex education. We cannot stop children from gaining their hormones but we can teach them how toRead MoreThe Age Of The Pill1530 Words   |  7 Pagesthe 20th Century, teen pregnancy was the norm. The prevention of unintended adolescent pregnancy has become an important goal of our society. Although adolescent pregnancy and birth rates have been steadily decreasing, many adolescents still become pregnant. The purpose of this research paper is to review the history, current status, programs and the future of teen pregnancy. History In the early 20th Century, teen pregnancy was the norm. Women were lucky to get an education past the eighth grade

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Evolution Of The American Family Essay - 1249 Words

The Evolution of the American Family Lisa Parris-Godley Introduction n the upcoming page’s I will answer the following questions. Why is family the most important agent of socialization? What caused the dramatic changes to the American family? What are the changes? I will discuss the differences in marriage and family, I will discuss how they are linked to class, race, gender, and personal choices. The purpose of this study is to explore the many different family functions and the paths that people are now choosing. I will give my opinion on whether these changes have had a positive or negative affect. I will finally discuss the trend of the modern family, back to pre-World War II family structure, how would that effect the strides that have been made in the progression of women rights. American families have never been as diverse as they are today. There is a constant changing definition of what we call â€Å"family†. We as Americans are straying further and further from the idea of a classic nuclear family. One of the biggest reasons is a dramatic rise in kids living with a single parent. In 2014, just 14% of children younger than 18 lived with a stay-at-home mother and a working father who were in their first marriage (Livingston, 2015). This research will address in depth why households are now more diverse than ever, what’s the normal family now, and why aren’t the laws adjusting to how the average American family lives today. Researchers who studyShow MoreRelated The Evolution of the American Television Family Essay1151 Words   |  5 PagesThe Evolution of the American Television Family Television is not just a form of entertainment, but it is an excellent form of study of society’s view concerning its families. This study focuses on the history of television beginning in the early 1950s and will run through present day. It examines the use of racial, ethnic and sexual stereotypes to characterize the players of these shows. The examples assist in tracing what has happened to the depiction of the American family on prime timeRead MoreEvolution of the Typical American Family Essay1388 Words   |  6 PagesThe American family has come a long way and has changed a lot overtime. Liberals and conservatives have their own views on the American family today. It is very tough to raise a family nowadays. However, there are some easier ways to raise a family today as well. Some of the things that I will talk about are divorce and its effects, welfare, abusiveness on children and wives, and a couple of articles in the book, Families in the U.S. One tough thing about todays American family is divorceRead MoreMass Media Influence On American Culture878 Words   |  4 PagesMajor developments in the evolution of Mass Media The new era of technology led to major developments in the evolution of mass media, worldwide. In our society, we originally communicated orally before the Internet and wireless devices existed. Individuals relied on traditional forms of mass media, such as the television, radio, newspapers, and magazines, to attain knowledge of the outside world. Thereafter, the development of new forms mass media evolved, and we were introduced to the InternetRead MoreScience And Religion : A Very Short Introduction1198 Words   |  5 Pages â€Å"Darwin and Evolution† and â€Å"Creationism and Intelligent Design,† Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction (pp. 58-103) by Thomas Dixon The author, Thomas Dixon explains Evolution and creationism in separate chapters in his book, â€Å"Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction.† The evolution chapter talks about the history of Charles Darwin’s evolution, its challenges of the root of all living creatures as started in the Bible and it effect it has brought in American society. In the chapterRead MoreSignificant Health Care Event1225 Words   |  5 PagesSignificant Health Care Event Eugene Whitehead HCS/531 February 18, 2013 Ann Gantzer Science and technology have always been joined at the hip. The evolution of health care services in the United States (U. S.) undoubtedly has been shaped at least in part by advancements in scientific research and knowledge, and technological innovation (Shi amp; Singh, 2012). The following exploration focuses on ways a specific scientific or technological event or innovation affected health care provisionRead MoreScience Teachers and Professors Should Not Teach Creationism 1231 Words   |  5 Pagesso people can understand what the debate is about,† it is up to the school to teach evolution, while families or other educators should inform their children and students about creationism or any other type of creation myth or legend. As a matter of fact, a transparent explanation for this tenet efficiently emerges: the â€Å"sides† of the debate are more than two; therefore, there is no reason to consider evolution and creationism, but not the Chinese principle of â€Å"Yin and Yang† or the Greek philosophers’Read MoreEvolution Of Science Classes At School1653 Words   |  7 PagesBeing raised in a Christian family, I have attended Catholic school my whole life. That being said, I have grown up studying Bible stories since before I can remember. Probably the most prominent and well-known of these stories in Christian theology is, of course, the story of creation. To this day, I still remember how the story goes. On the first day, God created the earth and daylight. For six days after, he continued creation and included the sky, the ocean, plants, animals, and humans. GrowingRead MoreReflection On The American Culture1384 Words   |  6 PagesReflection on Class Sources American culture refers to the traditions and practices of the people of the United States. Culture comprises of the nature of buildings, religion, music language and marriage. The population of the United States is more than 320 million people making it the most culturally diverse country in the globe. Books such as Crabgrass Frontier, Manifest Destination and Muscular Christianity are important sources of information about American culture. This paper is a reflectionRead MoreThe Theory Of Evolution Or Intelligent Design1677 Words   |  7 Pagesseem to be shrouded in mystery, but in modern America two main theories have come to dominate as the explanation; either the theory of evolution or Intelligent Design. The theory of evolution was first published by Charles Darwin, a famous figure who is just as controversial in modern society as he was in his own time. He introduced the public to the theory of evolution in his book On the Origin of Species, where he proposed that new speci es evolve from older ones through Natural Selection, or the processRead More Beliefs Taken to the Extremes Essay1623 Words   |  7 Pagesbeen seen. In the United States many groups preach extreme beliefs that are harmful to the American people. One such group is the Religious Right.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   For the purpose of this research paper the Religious Right is to be considered the people and groups that follow the extreme right of Religious views in America. Groups such as Christian Coalition, Christian Family Network, and the American Family Association fall under this category.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   When looking at information the Religious

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A World Lit Only By Fire - 1083 Words

In the book A World Lit Only by Fire, the author, William Manchester, describes the period of time between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the start of the Renaissance known as the medieval period, or Middle Ages. The church had the most power in Europe and people struggled with surviving events such as epidemics. Consequently people had very short lives that may have not served them well. Every person in Europe during this time would eventually hear, â€Å"Bring out your dead!† as the gravediggers’ carts rolled down the street each night after an outbreak of the Bubonic Plague. Life during the medieval period was brutal and harsh with everything from church domination and the constant warring over political power to diseases and†¦show more content†¦Epidemics would break out in Europe and the origin of the disease would never be identified. To top that off, the Bubonic plague â€Å"returned to Europe at least once a generation since October 1347 † (Manchester 34). The medieval period was a time of alarming disease for people to be living in. Like the Holocaust in the 1930s-1940s, Jews during this time were treated with brutality. Manchester describes it as, â€Å"Jewry was luckier - slightly luckier - than blacks. If the pogroms of the time are less infamous than the Holocaust, it is only because anti-Semites then lacked twentieth-century technology† (35). In the year 1492, the Spanish had regained control of Spain. The rule of Spain was now under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. They were not fond of Jews in their nation. The Jews in Spain were given three months to convert to christianity or to leave. After seeing what the Spanish were doing in Spain, the king of Portugal ordered the expulsion of all Portuguese Jews. Any Jews who wouldn’t leave or were slow to leave were massacred. Around four thousand Lisbon Jews were killed during a single night in 1506. Only three years later persecutio n of Jews in Germany began. Jews throughout history have been treated badly but during the medieval period it was especially hard if you were a Jew. On page 37, Manchester states, â€Å"At any given moment the most dangerous enemy in Europe was the reigning pope.† The popes of the church were their Holy Fathers, but

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Counseling Johns Case Study

Question: Discuss about the Counseling for Johns Case Study. Answer: Introduction Counseling services are essential to help people overcome challenges and lead a happy life. People face stressful situations in their daily activities or within their families and social interactions. Negative experiences deprive individuals of their happiness and can cause distress that has far-reaching impacts. Counselors come in to help affected people psychologically and give hope and positive energy needed to enhance attainment of life goals. A case study discussing counseling activities with John can provide an in-depth understanding of the usefulness of this practice to the society. John is a teacher aged 44 and has been working for over 15 years. Despite his long-term teaching experience, John feels unappreciated at the workplace. He also faces hardships in his family. Of late, there are increased conflicts between John and his spouse. Moreover, his son aged 17 is undergoing psychiatric assessments after the Institute of Health diagnosed him with a personality disorder recent ly. John requires counseling help to cope with the unfavorable turn of events and make appropriate decision to drive his career forward. In this report, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) tool was chosen for use in stage assessment; before, during and after. In addition, Taylor-Johnston Temperament analysis was also used. This report outlines the counseling journey with John focusing on suitable counseling theories, ethical and professional considerations, and responsibilities. Eventually, the paper provides recommendations to help John advance in his career. Counseling theories 1: John Hollands theory The Hollands theory is useful to help John overcome problems, particularly in the work place. The theory emphasizes that people prefer to work in an environment involving like-minded colleagues to attain job satisfaction (Nauta, 2013). Additionally, the method supports an environment that enables people to apply their skills and capabilities as well as expressing themselves even when taking on workplace tasks. The theory outlines six attributes about career people: realistic, investigative, enterprising, social, artistic, social and conventional individuals. People feel comfortable and motivated to work with people sharing similar attributes. Working with people who follow in other categories does not provide fulfillment at work and would make one to search for other favorable work environments (Sharif, 2015). These elements are observable in the case of John. As a teacher, John feels unappreciated at work that affects his performances. By applying the Hollands theory, it is possible to determine the category where John falls and give advice on promising ways to enhance his career. To accomplish all this, it is important to develop objectives before, during, and after evaluations of a patient. Before the assessment, the objective is to gather right information about the Hollands theory and establish relationships with the patient. Following this, John would know necessary information relating the assessment. During this stage, the counselor seeks the informed consent of the patient before beginning the tests. The counselor also addresses the patients concerns related to the scheduled evaluations (Sharif, 2015). Examples of these issues include the handling of results, risks, instruments for use, and other relevant information. After laying down the structure, the counselor proceeds to carry out the evaluations. In the case of John, the counselor would aim to identify the category of work environment suitable for the patient. He or she leads John in exploring all the six attributes by way of asking questions, interviews, or using other assessment tools. After the assessment, the counselor analyses the data for Johns character at work that influence his feelings of little or no appreciation. After the evaluations, the instructor produces the results to specified persons (Nauta, 2013). The results inform the patient about the issues that affect careers. The findings also guide the counselor in determining the kind of advice to offer to enable the John overcome the challenges in work and promote his career. The counselor follow-up to help the patient apply skills gained as well as overcome difficulties in implementation. Counseling Theories 2: John Krumboltz's Theory Another theory suitable for counseling John is the Krumboltzs approach that recommends for indecisiveness among career people. Krumboltz believes that it is desirable to be indecisive in career to enable unplanned events that can lead to great outcomes (Krumboltz, 2015). In addition, indecision can help people adjust to the rapid changes in the labor market because they lack control over such forces. The theory gives insights for people to explore new opportunities or ideas that can enrich their careers. Counselors who apply this theory aim at helping their clients approach possible events or conditions positively. However, this is an overall goal of the method, and counselors can adopt smaller objectives before, during, and after assessment to realize high effectiveness. Before carrying out assessments, the counselor aims to set structure and introduce the theory to clients. Counselors serve patients with guidelines and relevant information that enable them to give informed consent to allow the assessments. During the evaluations, the counselor aims to arouse the indecision attributes using examination instruments. The assessments point out common but unexpected social variables, environmental forces, and situational moments that influence ones life (Krumboltz, Foley, Cotter, 2013). Focus shifts to the presentation and interpretation of findings after the counselor completes assessments. Consequently, the counselor develops appropriate guidance and activities for the client to observe to advance their occupations. The advice given incorporates elements of flexibility to cope with wide range of or situations. By utilizing this theory, the counselor helps address all social factors affecting Johns career and facilitate practical advice that promotes growth. Ethical and Professional Practices Ethics and professionalism are vital to the success of counseling programs. Counselors need to observe principles that guide counseling practice to win the patients trust and encourage cooperation (Bond, 2015). By applying professional and ethical guidelines, therapists overcome personal interferences that can potentially undermine the quality of services offered and outcomes. Johns counseling needs demand considerations for all ethical issues that can arise before, during, and after completing the programs. These considerations include maintaining the confidentiality of Johns disclosures (Fisher, 2013). Counseling ethics and professional code requires therapists to keep information shared by patients to themselves to avoid reaching undesired third-parties. It is ethical to protect the patient from perceived or unforeseen consequences when personal information leaks to the public. Conflicts between John and his spouse, dissatisfaction at work, and his sons personality disorder can ha ve negative implications for him and the family members. The public could look down upon them as a failed family, which has emotional consequences that affect their social interactions or image. Another important aspect is full disclosure of the counseling programs and relevant information. A patient requires comprehensive knowledge about all the activities and contents of therapies to help in making informed decisions (Bond, 2015). Patients lack high awareness of the risks exposed by sharing personal information, assessments on their bodies, and implications of adopted strategies. A therapist needs to give all necessary details and seek the consent of the patients. Providing comprehensive information also enables the patients to open up and share more facts that help the counselor give accurate advice. Additionally, the patients learn about their liabilities relating to counseling practices that can assist in determining legal actions to take against counselors in case outcomes are undesirable. Counselors are also expected to exercise due care and avoid negligence that poses high risks for the clients. Therapists are prone to mistakes in offering their services and are liable for associated consequences on the patients. The counseling profession and code of ethics discourage negligent behaviors of practitioners (Levitt, Moorhead, 2013). Counselors have an obligation to ensure all activities carried out attain minimum standards. By doing this, the counselors take precautions to minimize chances of unexpected repercussions on their patients (Welfel, 2012). Although counseling rules can help prosecute the therapists, negligence on individuals can have devastating consequences not possible to correct by punishing the practitioners. For instance, in a case of negligent behaviors that lead to a permanent breakup between John and his wife, punishing the counselor may not help reconcile the two spouses. Ethical and professional considerations assist the counselors to perform their responsibilities throughout the journey with their clients. Responsibilities Counseling involves various tasks and responsibilities for therapists as well as their customers. Therapists are in charge of all activities before, during, and after counseling programs. Counselors have a duty to carry out assessments of the patients before determining the appropriate programs for the clients (Hbert, Caughy, Shuval, 2012). A fundamental guideline in examining the patients conditions entails safeguarding their welfare. Evaluations carried out should not expose the clients other closely related individuals to dangers. Counselors are required to demonstrate competence when using and interpreting assessment instruments. There are minimum levels of competence set before carrying evaluations (Richards, Dykeman, Bender, 2016). Counselors who do not meet these performances should seek assistance or refer the patients to other more experienced professionals. The counselors should also ensure the assessment instruments selected are appropriate. Using unsuitable tools reduce the reliability of results due to low accuracy. Inaccuracies have an influence on the eventual outcomes of the patients may not overcome their conditions. Counselors have an obligation to seek the consent of the clients before attending to them. They should give full explanations to their customers who make decisions on whether to accept or reject the assessment (Low, Kok, Lee, 2013). The counselors are required to give details about the recipients of evaluation results and obtain consent of the client. Upon assessment, the counselors provide results to the qualified personnel. Authorized people ensure the results do not reach undesired individuals who may compromise the treatment process or expose patients to increased risks. Counselors also play roles of diagnosing possible mental disorders (Zheng et al., 2016). Clients experience psychological problems that can be linked to mental problems. Determining any underlying mental problem can help in developing effective interventions. It is the responsibility of therapist to perform proper diagnosis, demonstrate cultural sensitivity, and explore the history and social prejudices to ident ify any mental problems. Other responsibilities include selecting therapy treatment instruments. Evaluations lead to the determination of a clients problems to enable the development of the treatment program. Therapists have the duty to ensure they select suitable devices. They would apply referral information to avoid choosing inappropriate methods (Whiston, 2012). Further, counselors have a role to play regarding the selection of the conditions of assessing or administering treatments. Conditions during the administration of therapies influence the outcomes significantly. Therapists need to adopt conditions that suit the state of the patients and consistent with the evaluation results. The environment where intervention takes place should be supportive to the patients to heighten outcomes. It is necessary to incorporate technological capabilities to facilitate administration (Balkin, Juhnke, 2013). Appropriate technologies help produce accurate results. Therefore, counselors should ensure technologies ado pted function correctly to produce desired outcomes. After evaluation and administration of care, the counselors have a task to follow up and ensure clients apply skills gained effectively, as well as, recommending for improvements. Recommendations Johns case provides opportunities for applying counseling principles to help solve his problems and enable progress in his teaching occupation. John requires concepts of several counseling theories to promote outcomes (Low, Kok, Lee, 2013). This report has focused on two methods that address Johns issues: conflicts with his wife, job dissatisfaction, and stress of his son who was diagnosed with personality disorder. These problems hinder John from advancing his careers. The Hollands theory is useful to help John grow in his career by recognizing like-minded people in the workplace environment, who are easier to work with. Counselors helping John should consider adopting other theories to support the Hollands principles, and thereby heighten outcomes (Capuzzi, Gross, 2013). Additionally, the Krumboltzs approach of indecisiveness can help john deal with unexpected issues in his life that threated his career prosperity. This method is desirable but requires reinforcement of other idea s to realize increased outcomes. The theory may not address all issues related to conflicts with his wife and stress of the suffering son that affects Johns commitment in his career. Borrowing other ideas provide diverse information to enables John adjust to the changes and enhance chances of succeeding in occupation. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate several approaches to allow attainment of the most appropriate solutions. Conclusion This report described counseling practice for helping people to overcome problems and lead happy lives. Emphasis has been given to counseling theories and responsibilities of counselors before, during, and after intervention programs. The contents of the report are tailored to meet the needs of John. He is a teacher dissatisfied with his work, conflicts with his spouse, and has a son suffering from personality disorder. Counseling can help overcome these problems by applying theories such as John Hollands and John Krumboltzs approaches. Counselors should carry out all responsibilities utilizing ethical and professional codes. Although the two methods discussed in this paper are helpful, reinforcement ideas of other theories can heighten outcomes. Similar to the case of John, other people can seek for counseling services and work with professionals to overcome life challenges and advance their careers. References Balkin, R. S. Juhnke, G. A. (2013). The Theory and Practice of Assessment in Counseling. London: Pearson Education. Bond, T. I. M. (2015). Standards and Ethics for Counselling in Action. London: SAGE Publications. Capuzzi, D. Gross, D. R. (2013). Introduction to the Counseling Profession: Sixth Edition. London: Routledge. Fisher, M. A. (2013). The ethics of conditional confidentiality: A practice model for mental health professionals. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hbert, E. T., Caughy, M. O., Shuval, K. (2012). Primary care providers' perceptions of physical activity counselling in a clinical setting: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(9), 625-631. Levitt, D. H. Moorhead, H. J. H. (2013). Values and Ethics in Counseling: Real-Life Ethical Decision Making. New York: Routledge. Low, S. K., Kok, J. K., Lee, M. N. (2013). A holistic approach to school-based counselling and guidance services in Malaysia. School Psychology International, 34(2), 190-201. Richards, J., Dykeman, C., Bender, S. (2016). Historical trends in counsellor education dissertations. British Journal of Guidance Counselling, 1-12. RodriÃÅ' guez, M. C., France, H., Hett, G. (2013). Diversity, culture and counselling: A Canadian perspective. Calgary: Brush Education. Welfel, E. R. (2012). Ethics In Counseling Psychotherapy. S.l.: Cengage Learning. Whiston, S. C. (2012). Principles and Applications of Assessment in Counseling. New York: Cengage Learning. Zheng, L. X., Keegan, J. P., Rosenthal, D., Talley, W., Hunter, C. A. (2016). Examining the Attributions of Discrimination toward People with Mental Illness among Chinese College Students. The Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling, 22(01), 40-50. Krumboltz, J. D. (2015). Practical career counseling applications of the happenstance learning theory. Retrieved from Krumboltz, J. D., Foley, P. F., Cotter, E. W. (2013). Applying the happenstance learning theory to involuntary career transitions. The Career Development Quarterly, 61(1), 15-26. Nauta, M. M. (2013). Hollands theory of vocational choice and adjustment. Career Development and Counseling. Putting theory and research to work. Second Edition. John Wiley and Sons Inc., New Jersey, 55-82. Sharif, R. (2015). A Model of Creativity in Organizations: John Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice (1973) at Multiple Levels of Analysis. The Journal of Creative Behavior.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

What is the all that that Robert Graves is referring too Essay Example

What is the all that that Robert Graves is referring too Paper This essay is going to explore Robert Gravess autobiographical novel and detail Robert graves use of the phrase all that and what it may refer too. The phrase all that is very vague and indefinite. All that could refer to so much; things, people, places, even emotions and feelings. In this novel all that could refer to individual things or the novel as a whole, it may even refer to only one thing. That is what I am going to find out and illustrate in this essay. Robert Gravess autobiographical novel Goodbye to All That was first published in 1929, 11 years after the end of World War 1 in which Graves served as a 2nd Lieutenant and was promoted to Captain in the Royal Welch Fusiliers. The work was revised and republished in 1957 removing and changing a great deal of significant material because of complaints, namely from Siegfried Sassoon a great friend and fellow soldier of Graves. Robert Graves states that the objects of writing about his own life at the early age of thirty-three, are simple enough: an opportunity for a formal good-bye to you and to you and to you and to me and to all that; forgetfulness, because once all this has been settled in my mind and written down and published it need never be thought about again. (Jonathan Cape, 1929) This quotation from Robert Graves himself shows why he chose to write his autobiography at a comparatively young age to other auto-biographers. A major part, probably the most major event of his life; the war, had come to an end and he felt that his memories and experiences ought not to be subject to the effects of old age and forgotten, lost in the passages of time. We will write a custom essay sample on What is the all that that Robert Graves is referring too specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on What is the all that that Robert Graves is referring too specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on What is the all that that Robert Graves is referring too specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The first section of Robert Gravess novel is about his childhood and mainly his time at various preparatory schools and Charterhouse. Graves was born on July 24th 1895; his earliest memory is of Queen Victorias Diamond Jubilee in 1897. His family; his mother, his father and nine siblings lived in Wimbledon, His father had five children from a previous marriage and then had five more with Graves mother. He had expressed his dislike for Wimbledon and seemed to enjoy most the spring and summer spent in Harlech in Wales climbing the hills with his sister and best friend Rosaleen. I always considered Wimbledon a wrong place: neither town nor country. The house was at its worst on Wednesday, my mother At Home day.'(pp.32) He attended six different preparatory schools none of which he liked before settling at Charterhouse, which he equally disliked. He does not talk of a happy school experience, he describes a personally very familiar idea of a school where sports were important and those who did not play were looked down upon. He talks of how he had few friends, except those in the poetry club. His first friend at charterhouse, a boy called Raymond Rodakowski, encouraged Graves to box, because he was unable to play football, but he lost this friendship when he found he valued religion more than love. He had one special friendship with a boy referred to as Dick. Graves does not mention any particular significant encounters with Dick but it is commonly believed that Graves had homosexual relations with this boy. Dick and Graves remain in touch throughout most of his time in the trenches; Dicks letters had been my greatest stand-by all these months whenever I felt low; he wrote every week, mostly about poetry. (pp.125) Gravess affection for Dick is obvious and remains for many years, until Dick is arrested for making a certain proposal to a Canadian corporal and Graves convinces himself that Dick is mad. Gravess time at school and his encounters and experiences there are the first all that referred to by Graves. An episode in his life has come to an end in order to begin new one. The second section of Goodbye to All That begins with the war. Graves confesses he enlisted in order to put off going to Oxford; though the papers predicted only a very short warI hoped that it might last long enough to delay my going to Oxford in October, which I dreaded. (pp.68) Graves being half German was lucky to have not been accused of spying or arrested along with other German residents of England, though he did have relatives fighting for Germany. Among these enemy relatives was my cousin Conrad, only son of the German consul at Zurich. (pp.69) This loss of amicable connection with his German family is the second all that for Graves, he recalls his visits to various uncles and cousins in Germany and playing with his cousin Conrad as a child. His German roots are repeatedly referred to throughout the book his mothers maiden name; Von Ranke is used by Graves himself as homage to his German origins. He also mentions how through the war his mother is kept an eye on by the authorities because she is German and writes regularly to her sisters in Germany. Graves does not immediately enter the trenches as a Special Reserve; he spends the early wartime at the depot in Wrexham, before being transferred as 2nd lieutenant on detachment duty to Lancaster. Graves was once proud to be part of the Royal Welch Fusiliers; I used to congratulate myself on having quite blindly chosen the Royal Welch Fusiliers, of all the regiments in the armyThe Royal Welch Fusiliers had twenty-nine battle-honours, a number equalled only by a couple of other two-battalion regiments. (pp.83-84) Graves was sent to France in spring 1915 and was in the trenches to his disappointment with the Second Battalion of the Welsh Regiment. He talks comically of his frost experience in France with use of onomatopoeia such as, bump, crash, flop and buzzing and also of rifle and shell-fire. Later on his writing about trench life becomes more candid, authorities would have found this controversial at the time; soldiers were not allowed to keep diaries or write home about the conditions in trenches. Graves talks warmly of his companions in the trenches mentioning many by name, but deaths and wounds seem inconsequential after time; One can joke with a badly wounded man and congratulate him on being out of it. One can disregard a dead man. But even a miner cant make a joke that sounds like a joke over a man who takes three hours to die, after the top part of his head has been taken off by a bullet fired at twenty yards range (pp.118) Graves talks of pessimism breeding superstition and of strange coincidences in the trenches, for example his predecessor having predicted his own death and Graves himself managing to miss a shell literally by seconds. Graves had an unpleasant but uneventful time in the second battalion of the Royal Welch Fusiliers; the commanding officers were unlikeable and superior. Younger officers such as Graves were referred to as warts and were advised to keep quiet and were not allowed to drink whisky. Graves was wounded by shell-fire and sent home in summer 1916 he was originally thought and reported to have died. During his leave he spent a lot of time with his wartime comrade and fellow poet Siegfried Sassoon. They wrote poetry, played Golf and it was t this time that Graves first began to write about his experiences in France. In January 1917 he was sent back to France. After catching bronchitis and being sent to Oxford he does not return to the trenches, but is content to remain in England recovering, the western front to which he never returned, being his third all that. At the Somerville College hospital he meets various writers, such as Aldous Huxley, Lytton Strachey and Bertrand Russell. He later meets more writers, even H.G. Wells and John Galsworthy. Aldous Huxley, Lytton Strachey, and the Hon. Bertrand Russell were frequent visitorsH.G. Wells, who was Mr Britling in those days and full of military optimismAnd who else? John Galsworthy. (pp. 258-160) He is then moved to a convalescent home at Osborne House, previously Queen Victorias home on the Isle of Wight. Graves quoted Sassoons anti-war statement Finished with the War: A Soldiers Declaration. This troubled Graves as he felt his friend Sassoon was in no condition to be imprisoned, as he surely would be. Graves got himself wrongly declared fit for Home Service and set about doing everything in his power to get Siegfried into Craiglockhart convalescent home in Scotland. Graves accompanied Sassoon to Craiglockhart where the pair met Wilfred Owen. The third section of Robert Gravess autobiography deals with his life post World War 1; his marriage and children. Graves was next sent to serve at home in Wales, where he met Nancy Nicholson whom he married in 1918. After his marriage Graves returned to work in Rhyl where he stayed until the end of the war. Again the end of a significant episode in Gravess life and the beginning of a new one, the war itself being his fourth and most dramatic all that. Gravess first child Jenny was born in January 1919 and the family moved to Brighton. In October 1919 Graves finally went to Oxford after having managed to delay it for 5 years, slightly longer than I expect, he originally intended. Gravess second child David was born in March 1920, to the delight of his mother who had longed for grandson. It comes at this point that Graves meets his old flame Dick again, it was not a well received meeting, Graves saw no longer the boy he had loved but a much changed man. He was up at Oxford, about to enter the diplomatic service, and so greatly changed that it seemed absurd to have ever suffered in his account. (pp. 308) Graves and his wife opened a shop where they lived outside Oxford which was successful at first but eventually had to be sold. The Graves family then moved to Islip and had two more children, Catherine in 1922 and Sam in 1824. Nancy adopted a thirteen year old girl, Daisy, who later leaves with her father. Graves failed to take his final exams after the death of his tutor, but managed to secure a lecturing job in Egypt after his wife through ill health had been recommended to go there where his elder brother, Dick and sister Mollie lived. Nancy and Robert parted in May 1929. Graves suffered from severe shellshock and nightmares; he was haunted by shells and the faces of dead friends. I was still mentally and nervously organized for war; shells used to come bursting on my bed at midnight, even though Nancy shared it with me; strangers in day-time would assume the faces of friends who had been killed I was very thin, very nervous and with about four years loss of sleep to make up. (pp. 298-299) Robert Graves final and complete all that is England and his whole unhappy life from his birth in 1895, through school and the war to the end of his turbulent marriage in 1929 when he moved to Majorca never to return. I went abroad, resolved never to make England my home again; which explains the Goodbye to All That of this title. (pp.356) In conclusion Graves all that does not and can not refer to only one thing the whole book is the all that, and Graves is saying to goodbye to it all. His reason for writing this novel was as I have illustrated in a previous quote so he did not have to think about these disturbing memories anymore but so they were also not forgotten. He did not want to have to go through his worst times in his mind again so he gave them to someone else to worry about; his readers! Gravess early life was so dramatic and so utterly emotional; he lost all hope in humanity, especially in England hence his move to Majorca. Where he married again, had four more children and ended his days a much happier man than he had been in his youth. Despite the great amount of war novels that appeared before 1930 none are as famous or as greatly acclaimed for their honesty as Goodbye to All That. The impact this novel has had on readers for decades has given people a vision of the war that was so terrible, it distressed not only Robert Graves but so many of the people involved and plagued many of them for the remainder of their lives. Goodbye to All That was Robert Graves way of coming to terms with his life experiences, an opportunity that few people had. It was his chance to say leave them behind and say Goodbye, to everything, to his previous life, to all that.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Information technology is a big part of the busine Essays

Information technology is a big part of the busine Essays Information technology is a big part of the business and living world. Business world is using it to improve the utilization of resource and make reasonable decisions. IT is also widely adapted to human activities more convenient. However, this is not surprising that IT problem cause upset for everyone. From my own experience, many websites mandatory require you change your passwords once a year like Google and RamWeb. If you didn't do it, website system will remind you over and over again after you change password. This is annoying. Even I change my password, I also have a strong possibility forget the new password that I change. Because the old password is that I usually type on keyboard, I can't just remember it immediately. The most common result are that click to request my password or spend some time to remember what is current password. I think this is the website over-protect account's security. Every user should have the right to set up whether the system need remind change password periodicity. If you have important information and secret, that person will set up high security password or other way to protect the account. So I think the part of password system should be more flexible and apply to everyone. This is the IT problem what I met and some idea on how to solve it.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

The Nation Splits and Reunites (US History) Assignment

The Nation Splits and Reunites (US History) - Assignment Example Northern businessmen helped get the "Tariff Act" passed which in turn raised the prices of manufactured products from Europe mainly sold in the South. This angered the Southern people to have to pay more for these goods and hence developed hatred towards the Northern people (Davis). The political power in the Federal government led further to escalation of the conflict. Since the Northern States were becoming more and more powerful, the Southern States felt a growing need for freedom and as such wanted to break away from the north and govern themselves. The north would not allow this and hence the civil war. Finally, the martial confrontation between the Federal states and the Confederate States of America further fueled the Civil War when Fort Sumter in South Carolina was attacked (Davis). 2) In most polls of presidents by historians Lincoln is either ranked first or second. Does he deserved such an exalted position, or as his detractors claim, he should be ranked lower because he presided over a war that killed 620,000 of his fellow citizens? Explain. In my opinion, Abraham Lincoln should be ranked lower as the President of the United States because he presided over a war that killed 620,000 of his fellow citizens. Firstly, he vowed to keep the country united and the new western territories free from slavery. Sadly, this was not so. First of all, many Southerners were afraid that he was not sympathetic to their way of life and therefore could not treat them fairly (Davis). This feeling led the South to break away from the United States and joined together to form a new nation named the Confederate States of America. Although more than half of the said deaths were caused by disease, documented statistics indicate that one third of all Southern soldiers died in the civil war during Lincoln’s reign (Davis). Consequently, a big majority of families felt this pain and loss, a testimony of how much the War had scarred and devastated the American